Basic Guinea Pig Care

Guinea pigs can make great little pets for the right family—if you’re considering adding one to your ranks, you’ll want to know the basic tenets for their care. Learn more below from your veterinarian in Troy.


Your pig will need a solid-bottom cage with wire siding. Avoid using cages with wire or mesh flooring, as your pig’s toes can get caught in them. Make sure the cage is large enough to allow your pig hiding spots, a dining area, and play zones.

Your pig’s cage will need to be lined with hardwood shavings, grass hay, or a combination of the two. Stock the cage with a proper water bottle or dish, food dish, hut structures, and anything else your pig will need to stay healthy.


The majority of your guinea pig’s diet will be made up of commercial guinea pig pellet food. This is widely available at pet stores, vet’s offices, and retail shops. Supplement your pig’s pellet diet with fresh fruits and veggies daily; guinea pigs need these because they can’t manufacture vitamin C in their bodies and need it provided from an outside source. Your vet can let you know what fruits and vegetables will work best.


Wondering how your guinea pig will fit in with your family? Most pigs are sociable and friendly little animals. They’re generally curious but shouldn’t bite, although they might nibble on your finger occasionally. Guinea pigs can be skittish when first introduced to the home, but they should warm up to you and your family with enough time and handling.

Also consider the guinea pig’s lifespan before bringing one home. Generally, guineas live between five and seven years. Ask yourself if you’re ready for this commitment, and make sure children understand that this pet may not be around as long as a cat or dog might.

Want more advice on guinea pig care and adoption? Call your Troy veterinary clinic today with any further questions or concerns.

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